China Appoints New Special Envoy to Afghanistan Amid Deepening Afghan Crisis

China on Wednesday announced that it has replaced its special envoy to Afghanistan amid growing concern here over the adverse impact of the withdrawal of US troops from the war-torn country on the volatile Xinjiang province which faces security threats from Uyghur Muslim militants. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian announced that the present special envoy on Afghanistan Liu Jian will be replaced by former Chinese Ambassador to Qatar, Jordan and Ireland, Yue Xiao Yong.

Liu has served as China’s ambassador to Afghanistan, Malaysia and Pakistan before he was appointed as special envoy to Afghanistan early last year. Addressing a press briefing, Zhao said now that the Afghan issue is now the focus for the international community, China attaches high importance to communication and coordination with all relevant parties and will continue to play a constructive role for peace and stability in Afghanistan.

Yue will establish working relationships with colleagues rather than parties and maintain close communication and coordination, he said without elaborating. The new appointment followed China stepping up its diplomatic engagement in Afghanistan following the announcement by the Biden administration to withdraw US troops by August 31.

Meanwhile, Taliban has stepped up its military offensive in Afghanistan capturing border points with Iran, Pakistan and China amid reports that a large number of militants from the separatist East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) gathered in Afghanistan’s Badakhshan Province, which shares 90-km long border with Xinjiang province. Xinjiang also shares borders with Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir and Tajikistan.

China’s massive crackdown in Xinjiang, which observers say has exasperated the resentment among native Uyghur Muslims in the province prompted the US, the EU and international human rights organisations to accuse Beijing of committing genocide there. Amid the Taliban gains, China recently evacuated 210 of its nationals from Afghanistan.

Also in a significant policy statement, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi has asked the Taliban to make a clean break with all terrorist forces. Taliban, as a major military force in Afghanistan, should realise the responsibilities it bears for the nation, make a clean break with all terrorist forces and return to the mainstream of Afghan politics, Wang said on July 14 at Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan.

He also praised the Afghan government, which had often accused Beijing’s close ally Pakistan of harbouring Taliban militants, saying that the government headed by President Ashraf Ghani has done a lot of work for national unity, social stability and improvement of people’s livelihood, which should be justly evaluated. Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said in a media interview recently that they see China as a friend and would no longer allow China’s Uyghur separatist fighters from Xinjiang to operate from Afghanistan.

Observers, however, said China will remain sceptical about the Taliban. Whatever benign language the Taliban use, China remains highly concerned about the security situation there Andrew Small, a senior transatlantic fellow with the German Marsh Fund said.


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